Ingrown Hair

About ingrown hairs An ingrown hair occurs when a hair curves back onto the skin and penetrates it.  The hair can then cause a brisk reaction in the skin, resulting in inflammation and possibly infection.  It usually appears as a skin-colored to red papule, sometimes with hyperpigmentation in chronic lesions.  Often, the hair can be… Read More

Impetigo

About Impetigo Impetigo is a superficial infection of the skin, usually by the gram positive bacteria S. aureus, that most often occurs in children. The basic lesion is a pustule, which ruptures to form the classic “honey colored crust”; often, intact pustules cannot be found. Removal of the crust reveals a glistening base, but not… Read More

Hyperhidrosis

Call 973-763-7546 For Your Hyperhidrosis Consultation About hyperhidrosis Hyperhidrosis is a condition in which one sweats more than is required by the body for thermoregulation.  Localized hyperhidrosis typically begins in the first or second decade of life, most often affecting the palms, soles, and axillae (under arms), whereas generalized hyperhidrosis usually occurs later in life..… Read More

Herpes

About Herpes Simplex Virus Herpes simplex is an acute vesicular eruption that is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Based on immunologic profiles, HSV has two types, type 1 and type 2. Traditionally, HSV-1 caused oral infections and HSV-2 genital infections, but there is significant overlap. Primary infection with either of these viruses is… Read More

Hemangiomas

About Hemangiomas A hemangioma is a benign proliferation of blood vessels, and in some cases supporting stroma, in the dermis. Hemangiomas are traditionally divided into two broad categories, cavernous and capillary,  thought classification schemes abound.  Capillary hemangiomas, in turn, have several subtypes: nevus flammeus, strawberry hemangioma, and cherry angioma. Cavernous hemangiomas are large, deep vessels,… Read More

Birth Marks

About Birthmarks Birthmarks are present at birth or arise,shortly thereafter.  They can be hyperpigmented, hypopigmented, or vascular in appearance, though other forms are possible. Look for specific entries regarding birth marks: Hemangiomas

Fungus (Tinea)

What is tinea (fungus)? Dermatophytic infections are caused by one of three genera of dermatophytes: Tricophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton. They all feed on keratin, with the assistance of digestive keratinases and nutrient absorbing hyphae.  In addition, tinea versicolor (also called pityriasis versicolor), caused by a species of malsezzia, is termed “tinea” as well. Tinea infections are often referred… Read More

Eczema

About Eczema Atopic dermatitis is commonly known as eczema.  The term eczema is non-specific and refers to the nature of the skin lesion and not a specific skin disorder.  Here we will discuss atopic dermatis.  This is a chronic dermatitis associated with a family or personal history of “atopic disease”, which includes asthma, allergic rhinitis,… Read More

Cellulitis

About Cellulitis Cellulitis is a deep infection of the skin; it results in dermal edema and erythema of the skin. The affected area is red, warm, indurated (hard) and tender. The responsible organisms are usually Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococus pyogenes (Group A streptecocci). Prior to the advent of a vaccine, Haemophilus influenzae was the most… Read More

Alopecia (Hair Loss)

Hair loss, or alopecia, is divided into non-scarring causes and scarring (cicatricial) causes. Please search for one of the more specific entries below for the non-scarring alopecias.: Alopecia areata Alopecia, stress-induced Alopecia, androgenetic Anagen Effluvium Trichotillomania